The Country

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Tanzania is located in East Africa and is bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi and Mozambique.  It meets the beautiful Indian Ocean.


The history of Tanzania is extensive and fascinating. The first pages of Tanzania's history were written on the shores of the Indian Ocean. From sailor boats coming from Libya or Egypt to navigators from the Persian Gulf, it was the Sultan from Oman who imposed his domination. Making the Tanzanian coast part of his empire, the Swahili culture was shaped by interrelations between Arabic and African cultures.  Visit the weaving, intricate back streets of Stone Town, Zanzibar and the slave dungeons to understand the impact of such a mix that has shaped the island.


Zanzibar Tanzania Indian Ocean  Slave monument at stone Town Zanzibar Tanzania        
The 18th century saw the Tanzanian coast criss-crossed with ivory, spice and the slave trade. The traces of the millions of Africans put to work in plantations, as domestics or simply ‘to be used’ can be found in Bagamoyo (Bwagamoyo – ‘Lay down your hearts’), Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia.  1843 and British determination marked the end of the slave trade and started some movement toward people’s freedom.


In terms of freedom relating to independence, Tanzania’s fight was long and hard.  Prior to being under British rule after the First World War, Germany had laid claim to “Tanganyika” (actual Tanzania without the islands) in 1888. 
After the First World War, this piece of East Africa was taken away from the German and confided to the British. Giving more attention to their Kenyan colony, the British crown didn’t disagree on Tanganyika's independence on December 9th 1961. Julius Nyerere, president of the TAA (Tanganyika African Association) and founder of TANU (Tanganyika African National Union), became the 1st president of the Republic in 1962.


Torn between three independence movements, English departure doesn't go smoothly on Zanzibar. Finally, supported by Nyerere, the archipelago unites with Tanganyika on 24th April 1964 to form only one nation, Tanzania. But the island keeps its own government and its own ministries, still to this day.


Tanzania is a land of many wonders. With the highest percentage of protected wildlife areas in Africa, its incredible fauna, flora and amazing landscapes, the country is a unique place to discover.


For many years we have been aware of the importance of our environment and its fragility in today's modern world. This concern has guided our policy towards environmental protection, which will benefit not only nature but all mankind.
We have continually devoted our efforts to the preservation of our country's natural heritage in order to preserve the delicate balance between man and his environment.


Giraffe - Tanzania National Parks           Tanzania Datoga Tribe


As a result of these efforts, our beautiful parks, reserves and sites can be admired and enjoyed by all. Wherever possible Tanzania’s authentic character has been preserved, creating the source of unique and unforgettable emotions.


Tanzania is an extremely diversified country: from the highest African summit - snow capped Mt. Kilimanjaro, to the exotic island of Zanzibar, without missing the African grass land of the Serengeti, the Ngorongoro crater, Tarangire, Manyara, Ruaha and Mikumi National parks (to name a few).  There is also the Selous Game Reserve as well as the different lakes of Natron, Eyasi and Manyara. Tanzania offers excellent cultural tourism, historical and archaeological ventures, beach holidays, and certainly the best wildlife photographic safaris on the continent.


Original Tanzania welcomes all enthusiastic and respectful nature lovers to Tanzania, where they will be able to witness the charm of a preserved, rich and still wild East African land.


 

 
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